Wembley Stadium

วันเสาร์ 14 กุมภาพันธ์ 2009 at 11:15 am 1 comment

Wembley Stadium


wembley_stadium-cover1

Location : London, England
Coordinates : 51° 33′ 21.07″ N, 0° 16′ 46.54″ W
Broke ground : 2003
Opened : 2007
Owner : The Football Association
Operator : Wembley National Stadium Limited
Surface : Grass
Construction cost : GBP £798 million (2007)
Architect  : Foster and Partners, HOK Sport Venue Event
Capacity : 90,000 (football, rugby league)
86,000 (American football)
75,000 to 90,000 seated and 15,000 standing (concerts)
68,400 to 72,000 (athletics)
Tenants : England national football team, NFL International Series (2007-2009)

Wembley Stadium is a stadium in Wembley, located in the Borough of Brent in
North West London, England. It is owned by The Football Association (FA) via
its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited, and its primary use is for
home games of the England national football team, and the main English do-
mestic football finals. It is also used for pop concerts and other sporting events
It will host the 2011 UEFA Champions League Final.

With 90,000 seats the stadium has the second largest capacity in Europe, and
is the largest stadium in the world with every seat under cover. Immediately
following its opening, it was often referred to as the “new Wembley Stadium” to
distinguish it from the original stadium. The stadium is also the most expensive
stadium ever built.

The previous Wembley Stadium (originally known as the British Empire Ex-
hibition Stadium or Empire Stadium) was one of the world’s most famous foot
ball stadia, being England’s national stadium for football, and because of the
geographical origins of the game was often referred to as “The Home of Foot-
ball”. It hosted the European Cup (now the UEFA Champions League) final a
record five times, and is one of seventeen stadia to have held a FIFA World Cup
final. In 2003, the original structure was demolished and construction began
on the new stadium, originally intended to open in 2006. This was later del-
ayed until early 2007. The final completion date of the stadium was 9 March
2007, when the keys to the stadium were handed over to the FA.

Building


wembley_stadium-cover2

Wembley was designed by architects HOK Sport and Foster and Partners with
engineers Mott MacDonald, built by Multiplex and funded by Sport England,
WNSL (Wembley National Stadium Limited), the Football Association, the De-
partment for Culture Media and Sport and the London Development Agency. It
is the most expensive stadium ever built at a cost of £798 million (roughly
US$1.57 billion) and has the largest roof-covered seating capacity in the world

The all-seater stadium is based around a bowl design with a capacity of 90,000
protected from the elements by a sliding roof that does not completely enclose
it. It can also be adapted as an athletic stadium by erecting a temporary plat-
form over the lowest tier of seating[citation needed]. The stadium’s signature
feature is a circular section lattice arch of 7 m (23 ft) internal diameter with a
315 m (1,033 ft) span, erected some 22° off true, and rising to 140 m (459 ft)
tallIt supports all the weight of the north roof and 60% of the weight of the re-
tractable  roof on the  southern side.  The archway  is the world’s  longest  un-
supported roof structure.Instead of the 39 steps climbed, in the original
stadium, to enter the Royal Box and collect a trophy, there are now 107.

A “platform system” has been designed to convert the stadium for athletics
use, but its use would decrease the stadium’s capacity to approximately
60,000. No athletics events have taken place at the stadium, and none are
scheduled.[citation needed]

The stadium is linked to Wembley Park Station on the London Underground
via Olympic Way, and Wembley Central via the White Horse Bridge. It also
has a rail link—provided by the Wembley Stadium railway station—to London
Marylebone and Birmingham.

The initial plan for the reconstruction of Wembley was for demolition to begin
before Christmas 2000, and for the new stadium to be completed some time
during 2003, but this work was delayed by a succession of financial and legal
difficulties. It was scheduled to open on 13 May 2006, with the first game
being that year’s FA Cup Final. However, worries were expressed as to whether
the stadium would actually be completed on time.The new stadium was com-
pleted and handed over to the FA on 9 March 2007, with the total cost of the
project (including local transport infrastructure redevelopment and the cost
of financing) estimated to be £1 billion (roughly US$1.97 billion).

n October 2005, Sports Minister Richard Caborn announced: “They say the
Cup Final will be there, barring six feet of snow or something like that”. How-
ever in December 2005, the builders admitted that there was a “material risk”
that the stadium might not be ready in time for the Cup Final and in February
2006, these worries were confirmed by the FA moving the game to Cardiff’s
Millennium Stadium.

The delays started as far back as 2003. In December 2003, the constructors
of the arch, subcontractors Cleveland Bridge, warned Multiplex about rising
costs and a delay on the steel job of almost a year due to design changes which
Multiplex rejected. Cleveland Bridge were removed from the project and re-
placed by Dutch firm Hollandia with all the attendant problems of starting over
On 20 March 2006, a steel rafter in the roof of the new development fell by a
foot and a half, forcing 3,000 workers to evacuate the stadium and raising
further doubts over the completion date which was already behind schedule.
On 23 March 2006, sewers beneath the stadium buckled due to ground move-
ment.GMB Union leader Steve Kelly said that the problem had been caused by
the pipes not being properly laid, and that the repair would take months. A
spokesman for developers Multiplex said that they did not believe this would
“have any impact on the completion of the stadium”, which was then scheduled
to be completed on 31 March 2006.

On 30 March 2006, the developers announced that Wembley Stadium would
not be ready until 2007.[12] All competitions and concerts planned were to
be moved to suitable locations. On 19 June 2006 it was announced that the
turf had been laid. On 19 October 2006 it was announced that the venue was
now set to open in early 2007 after the dispute between The Football Asso-
ciation and Multiplex had finally been settled. WNSL, a subsidiary of The Foot
ball Association, is expected to pay around £36m to Multiplex, as well as the
amount of the original fixed-price contract. This meant that the Wembley
Stadium was ready for the 2007 FA Cup Final on 19 May 2007. The official
Wembley Stadium website announced that the stadium would be open for
public viewing for local residents of Brent on 3 March 2007, however the
event was delayed by two weeks and instead happened on 17 March. The keys
to the new Wembley stadium were finally handed over to the owners on 9
March 2007 ready to be open and used for upcoming FA Cup football matches
concerts and other events.

A short documentary of its redevelopment can be found on the Queen Live at
Wembley ’86 DVD.  The reconstruction of the stadium is  part of the wider re-
generation of Wembley.

Although not completed or opened at the time, EA Sports added Wembley
Stadium into the video game FIFA 07.

A statue of Bobby Moore—the captain of the England national football team
when they won the 1966 Football World Cup at Wembley—was unveiled out
side the stadium on Friday 11 May 2007.

Tenants


wembley_stadium-cover3

The English national football team is a major user of Wembley Stadium. Given
the ownership by The Football Association as of 10 March 2007, the League
Cup final moved back to Wembley from Cardiff following the FA Cup final and
FA Community Shield. Other showpiece football matches that were previously
staged at Wembley, such as the Football League promotion play-offs and the
Football League Trophy final, have returned to the stadium, as has the Football
Conference play-off final. Additionally, the Rugby League Challenge Cup final
returned to Wembley Stadium in 2007. The new Wembley is a significant part
of the plan for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London; the stadium will be the
site of several games in both the men’s and women’s football tournaments, with
the finals planned to be held there. The Guinness Premiership reportedly dis-
cussed staging the London Double Header, usually held at Twickenham, at

Wembley   during   the   2007-08   season,   although  the  game was ultimately
played at Twickenham.

Thank You For DATA And Image : http://en.wikipedia.org

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  • 1. 沛廷  |  วันพฤหัส 26 กุมภาพันธ์ 2009 ที่ 6:27 pm

    แหมขอบคุณที่คุณแวะไปชม

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