Estadio Azteca

วันเสาร์ 1 พฤศจิกายน 2008 at 7:35 am ใส่ความเห็น

Estadio Azteca


Location : Mexico City
Coordinates : 19° 18′ 10.48″ N, 99° 9′ 1.59″ W
Broke ground : 1961
Opened : May 29, 1966
Renovated : 1985
Owner : Televisa
Operator : Club América
Surface : Grass
Construction cost : 260 million Mexican Peso
Architect : Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Rafael Mijares Alcérreca
Capacity : 105,000
Field dimensions : 105 x 68 m
Tenants : Club América

Estadio Azteca is a stadium in Mexico City, Mexico. It is the official home
stadium of the Mexico national football team and the Mexican team
Club América.

Estadio Azteca was the primary venue for association football at the 1968
Summer Olympics and is the only stadium ever to host two FIFA World Cup
final matches, in 1970 and 1986. It also hosted the 1986 quarter-final
between Argentina and England in which Diego Maradona scored both the
“Hand of God goal” and the “Goal of the Century”. The stadium also hosted
the “Game of the Century”, when Italy defeated Germany with scores of 4-3
in extra time. With a capacity of 105,000 (original capacity of 114,600), it is
the largest stadium in Mexico and fifth largest in the world.

History


The opening game was between Club América and Torino F.C. on May 26,
1966, with seats for 107,494 spectators. The first goal was scored was by
Brazilian Arlindo Dos Santos Cruz and the second one by Brazilian José Alves
“Zague”, later the Italians tied the game and ended 2-2. President of Mexico
Gustavo Diaz Ordaz made the initial kick and Sir Stanley Rous FIFA President
was the witness.

A modern illumination system was inaugurated on June 5, 1966 with the first
night game between Valencia C.F. and Necaxa. The first goal of the game was
scored by Honduran José Cardona. In this game Roberto Martínez o Caña Brava
scored the first goal made by a Mexican. The final score was 3-1 in favor of
Valencia C.F..

There is a Commemorative plaque with the names of the first goal scorer in
thefirst daylight match and in the first night game.

Estadio Azteca is also the site in which Pelé, and Diego Maradona (during
the 1970 and 1986 FIFA World Cup), considered by many as the best
ootball players of all time, lifted the trophy for the last time (The Jules Rimet
Trophy and the current FIFA World Cup Trophy, respectively).

The stadium has also hosted international club tournaments such at the Copa
InterAmericana and the Copa Libertadores de América.

Estadio Azteca has also been used for musical performances throughout its
history. Michael Jackson (in 1993)[2], U2 (in 2006), Elton John, Maná, Juan
Gabriel, Luis Miguel, Gloria Estefan, Jaguares, Lenny Kravitz, Ana Gabriel, and
The Three Tenors all have become part of the stadium’s main spectacle. The
stadium has also been used for political events, including Mexican president
Felipe Calderón’s campaign closure in 2006, as well as religious events, like
the appearance of Pope John Paul II in 1999.

Access and entrance


It is served by the Azteca station on the Xochimilco Light Rail line. This line is
an extension of the Mexico City metro system which begins at Metro
Tasqueña station.

Tickets are available, up to kick-off times, from the ticket office which is
located at the front of the stadium, just down the exit ramps from the Azteca
station. Tickets start from as little as 50 pesos (5 U.S. Dollars as of 2007). For
bigger matches such as Club América’s games against Chivas de Guadalajara,
Cruz Azul and UNAM Pumas where sellouts are common, numerous touts
circulate offering tickets at competitive prices.

Name and origin


The stadium is owned by Mexican TV consortium Televisa. In order to avoid
people associating the stadium’s name with that of its competition TV Azteca
Televisa officially changed the stadium’s name to “Guillermo Cañedo”, a top
executive and long-time football advocate at Televisa. The change took place
in early 1997, following Cañedo’s death (January 20, 1997). However the
change did not go well with the general population, who generally refused to
refer to the stadium by its alleged new name. Following a schism where two of
Cañedo’s sons, who worked at Televisa, switched camps and went to TV
Azteca,Televisa quietly returned the stadium’s name to its original version.
Some people did not even notice, as they usually referred to the stadium as
“Azteca” (a tribute name to the Aztec heritage of Mexico City); during the
name change.

The stadium has been given the nickname of “Coloso de Santa Ursula” which,
in English, means “Colossus of Santa Ursula”, due to its large structure. Santa
Ursula refers to the part of town where the stadium resides in Mexico City.
Thank You For DATA And Image : http://en.wikipedia.org

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