Old Trafford

วันพุธ 24 กันยายน 2008 at 12:00 pm 1 ความเห็น

Old Trafford “Theatre of Dreams”


Location : Sir Matt Busby Way, Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England
Coordinates : 53° 27′ 46.99″ N, 2° 17′ 28.77″ W
Broke ground : 1909
Opened : 1910
Owner : Manchester United
Operator : Manchester United
Construction cost : £90,000 (1909)
Architect : Archibald Leitch (1909)
Capacity : 76,212 seated
Tenants : Manchester United (Premier League) (1910–present)

Old Trafford, given the nickname the Theatre of Dreams by Bobby Charlton,
is an all-seater football stadium in the Trafford borough of Greater Manchester
England. With space for 76,212 spectators, Old Trafford has the second-
largest capacity of any English football stadium after Wembley Stadium and is
the only facility in the country to have been given a five-star rating by UEFA.
The stadium is approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) from Old Trafford Cricket
Ground and the adjacent Manchester Metrolink tram station.

The ground is the home of Manchester United and has been the club’s
permanent residence since 1910, with the exception of an eight-year absence
from 1941 to 1949, following the bombing of the stadium in the Second World
War. During this period, the club shared Maine Road with local rivals, Manches
ter City. The ground underwent several expansions in the 1990s and 2000s,
most notably the addition of extra tiers to the North, West and East stands
which served to return the ground almost to its original capacity of 80,000.
Future expansion is likely to involve the addition of a second tier to the South
Stand, which would raise the capacity to over 90,000. The stadium’s current
record attendance was recorded in 1939, when 76,962 spectators watched the
FA Cup semi-final between Wolverhampton Wanderers and Grimsby Town.

The ground has frequently hosted FA Cup semi-final matches as a neutral
venue and several England international fixtures while the new Wembley
Stadium was under construction. It also hosted matches at the 1966 FIFA
World Cup and Euro 96 and the 2003 UEFA Champions League Final. Aside
from football-related uses, Old Trafford has hosted Super League’s Grand Final
since the rugby league’s adoption of playoffs in 1998 and the final of the 2000
Rugby League World Cup.

History


Before 1902, Manchester United were known as Newton Heath, during which
time they first played their football matches at North Road and then Bank
Street in Clayton. However, both grounds were blighted by wretched
conditions, the pitches ranging from gravel to marsh, while Bank Street
suffered from clouds of fumes from its neighbouring factories. Therefore,
following the club’s rescue from near-bankruptcy and renaming, the new
chairman John Henry Davies decided in 1909 that the Bank Street ground was
not fit for a team that had recently won the First Division and FA Cup, so he
donated funds for the construction of a new stadium. The £60,000 lent to the
club by Davies was to have paid for the land and the construction of a ground
with a capacity of around 100,000 spectators. However, to reach the intended
capacity would have cost an extra £30,000 over the original estimate and the
capacity was reduced to approximately 80,000. Nevertheless, the cost of
construction at a time when transfer fees were still around the £1,000 mark
only served to reinforce the club’s “Moneybags United” epithet, with which they
had been tarred since Davies had taken over as chairman. Designed by Scottish
architect Archibald Leitch who designed several other stadia, the ground
featured seating in the south stand under cover, while the remaining three
stands were left as terraces and uncovered. Construction was carried out by
Messrs Brameld and Smith of Manchester and development was completed in
late 1909. The stadium hosted its inaugural game on 19 February 1910, with
United playing host to Liverpool. However, the home side were unable to
provide their fans with a win to mark the occasion, as Liverpool won 4–3. A
journalist at the game reported the stadium as “the most handsomest [sic], the
most spacious and the most remarkable arena I have ever seen. As a football
ground it is unrivalled in the world, it is an honour to Manchester and the home
of a team who can do wonders when they are so disposed”.

Before the construction of Wembley Stadium in 1923, the FA Cup Final was
hosted by a number of different grounds around England including Old
Trafford. The first of these was the 1911 FA Cup Final replay between
Bradford City and Newcastle United, after the original tie at Crystal Palace
finished as a no-score draw after extra time. Bradford won 1–0, the goal
scored by Jimmy Speirs, in a match watched by 58,000 people. The ground’s
second FA Cup Final was the 1915 final between Sheffield United and Chelsea.
Sheffield United won the match 3–0 in front of nearly 50,000 spectators, most
of whom were in the military, leading to the final being nicknamed “the Khaki
Cup Final”. On 27 December 1920, Old Trafford played host to its largest pre-
Second World War attendance for a United league match, as 70,504 spectators
watched the Red Devils lose 3–1 to Aston Villa. Unusually, the record
attendance at Old Trafford is not for a United home game. Instead, on 25 March
1939, 76,962 people watched an FA Cup semi-final between Wolverhampton
Wanderers and Grimsby Town.

Future


It has been estimated that for any further development to be attempted on the
stadium, specifically the South Stand, which is still only one tier high,
development costs would come to £90–100 million, almost as much as had
already been spent on the stadium since its first expansion in 1992. This is due
to the fact that up to 50 houses would have to be bought out by the club, which
would cause a lot of disruption to local residents, and any extension would
have to be built over the top of the railway line that runs adjacent to the stadium.
The expansion would potentially include bringing the South Stand up to at least
two tiers and filling in the South-West and South-East quadrants to restore the
“bowl” effect of the stadium. Present estimates put the projected capacity of the
completed stadium at approximately 96,000, more than the new Wembley Stadium.

Thank You For DATA And Image : http://en.wikipedia.org

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